recommends including deaconesses in Clergy Pension Fund, but
Board says they are not "clergy"
concludes "ordination" of a deaconess confers on
her holy orders.
licensing women lay readers, but "disclaims purpose or
desire" to consider women's ordination; Convention rejects
lay reader recommendation
its mind, asserts deaconesses are not in holy orders.
||Church of England
commission finds no reason for or against ordination of women,
but affirms all-male priesthood "for the church today."
||Florence Li Tim-Oi
ordained priest in Hong Kong by Bishop R.O. Hall. To protect
Hall from censure, she agrees not to function as priest.
refuses Hong Kong's request for "experiment" with
Theological School admits women to BD degree program.
changes deaconess canon to read "ordered" rather
Deaconess Phyllis Edwards
ognized as deacon
by Bishop James Pike, San Francisco.
||House of Bishops
receives report "The Proper Place of Women in the Ministry
of the Church" affirming ordaining women, asks Lambeth
Conference to consider ordaining women to the priesthood.
||Lambeth agrees that
deaconesses are within the diaconate, but refers the
ordination of women back to member churches for further study.
Hong Kong, Kenya, Korea and Canada begin ordaining women to
Convention authorizes women lay readers & chalice bearers;
appoints joint commission to study ordination of women
||At General Convention:
women admitted as lay deputies after 50-year struggle;
deaconess canon eliminated; women included in canon on deacons,
eligible for Clergy Pension Fund; authorization for ordination
of women to priesthood approved by laity but narrowly defeated
by clerical deputies.
||New Anglican Consultative
Council (lay and clergy representatives from member churches)
declares it is "acceptable" for a bishop to ordain
a woman if his (sic) national church or province approves.
The Revs Jane Hwang and Joyce Bennett are ordained to the
priesthood by Bishop Gilbert Baker of Hong Kong; Florence
Li Tim-Oi's orders are recognized in absentia., and as China
emerges from the cultural revolution she resumes priestly
ministry in nationalized Chinese church. Episcopal Women's
Caucus founded. American House of Bishops refers women's
ordination for further study. Episcopal women begin to
be ordained deacon alongside men.
||Women deacons speak
to House of Bishops, at invitation of bishops' wives; Bishops
vote 74-61 in favor of ordaining women priests.
||Oct: General Convention
rejects ordination of women to priesthood; 56 bishops issue
statement of distress. Dec: Women deacons presented alongside
men for ordination to priesthood in New York, but bishop refuses
||June: Sermons preached
in Cambridge, Philadelphia and Syracuse call for ordination
of women to priesthood. July 10: Bishops, priests, women deacons
and lay people meet in Philadelphia to plan an ordination.
July 29: Eleven women deacons ordained to priesthood by two
retired and one resigned bishop in Philadelphia. July 30:
Some women priests inhibited by their bishops from priestly
functions, some from deacon's service; others agree voluntarily
to refrain from priestly ministry. July 31: Presiding Bishop
John Allin calls emergency meeting of House of Bishops. Aug
15: Bishops meet in Chicago, decry the four bishops' "violation
of collegiality," refuse to talk with women, and assert
the ordinations were not valid. Women reject bishop's action;
Charles Willie resigns as vice president of House of Deputies
in protest. Aug: Ecclesiastical charges are filed against
the Philadelphia bishops. Oct: House of Bishops reaffirms
endorsement of ordaining women but votes almost unanimously
not to act until General Convention approves. Oct 27: The
Revs. Alison Cheek, Carter Heyward and Jeannette Piccard publicly
celebrate an Episcopal Eucharist at New York City's Riverside
Church. Nov: Alison Cheek celebrates at St Stephen's and the
Incarnation in Washington DC at invitation of the Rev William
Wendt, who is later charged, tried and disciplined for violating
canons. Dec: Alison Cheek and Carter Heyward celebrate at
Christ Church, Oberlin, Ohio, at invitation of the Rev Peter
Beebe, who is charged and tried for violating canons.
||Jan: Carter Heyward
and Suzanne Hiatt join faculty of Episcopal Divinity School.
Apr: Board of Inquiry to consider charges against four bishops
refuses jurisdiction, saying doctrinal issues must be resolved
first. June 18: Anglican Church of Canada approves ordaining
women. July: Church of England Synod approves women's
ordination "in principle." Sept 7: Four women
deacons ordained to priesthood at St Stephen's & Incarnation,
Washington DC, by another retired bishop. Sept 19: House
of Bishops censures all bishops who ordained women.
|| Sept: General
Convention approves the ordination of women to the priesthood
and episcopate. Nov 30: Anglican Church of Canada begins
||Jan: Women ordained
in Philadelphia and Washington begin to be "regularized"
and regular ordinations of women to the priesthood begin
with 100 ordained by year's end. June 1: the Rev Beverly Messenger-Harris
becomes first woman rector, in Sherrill, NY. Sept: Opponents
to women's ordination form break-away church. Oct: Presiding
Bishop Allin tells House of Bishops he "is unable to
accept women in role of priests" and offers to resign.
Bishops affirm Allin's leadership, adopt statement of conscience:
assert that no one should be penalized for opposing, or supporting,
women's ordination. Anglican Church in New Zealand begins
ordaining women to priesthood.
women's ordination, but recommends no province consecrate
a woman bishop "without consultation with the Primates
and overwhelming [local] support."
||The Rev Mary Michael
Simpson, OSH, is candidate for suffragan in New York.
||Florence Li Tim-Oi
emigrates to Toronto, resumes ministry in Anglican church.
Philadelphia ordinand Jeannette Piccard named honorary canon
in Minneapolis, dies at age 79; Nancy Wittig named honorary
canon in Newark.
||Church of Brazil
begins ordaining women deacons.
of women begin in Church of the Province of Kenya.
||Florence Li Tim-Oi
celebrates 40th ordination anniversary at Westminster Abbey
in London; unofficial ordinations of women begin in Church
of Province of Uganda; Burundi, Rwanda and Zaire
vote not to withhold consent for woman bishop; Brazil begins
ordaining women to priesthood.
of Canada rescinds "conscience clause," prohibits
discrimination against ordained women.
||Church of England
eliminates separate deaconess canon and begins ordaining women
deacons. The Rev Geralyn Wolf of Philadelphia becomes Dean
of Cathedral in Louisville KY.
||Aug: Lambeth rejects
measure prohibiting women bishops, and commits to unity despite
differences on the subject. Sept 24: The Rev Barbara C. Harris
of Philadelphia is elected Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts.
||Jan: Despite vigorous
opposition, necessary majorities of diocesan Standing Committees
and bishops consent to Harris's election. Feb 11: Consecration
of the Rt Rev Barbara C Harris in Boston, by Presiding
Bishop Edmond L. Browning and 60 other bishops before crowd
of 8,500, with the Revs Florence Li Tim Oi and Carter Heyward
as concelebrants. June: Church of Scotland approves allowing
women ordained elsewhere to celebrate the Eucharist. Nov:
Diocese of Dunedin, New Zealand, elects Penelope Jamieson
||The Rt. Rev.
Penelope Jamieson consecrated Bishop of Dunedin, New Zealand;
Ireland approves ordaining women to priesthood and episcopate;
Provincial Synod in Kenya approves ordaining women; Uganda
House of Bishops approves ordaining women (Kenya and Uganda
had been ordaining women unofficially for years).
||Woman ordained to
priesthood in Quezon City, Philippines.
in Province of Southern Africa authorizes ordination of women.
The Rev Jane Holmes Dixon elected and consecrated suffragan
bishop of Washington DC. The Rev Erica Wood elected Dean and
President of College of Preachers, Washington DC. Church of
England Synod authorizes drawing legislation to permit ordination
of women. Anglican Church in Australia approves ordaining
women. Another group of opponents to women's ordination forms
another break-away church. Li Tim Oi dies in Toronto at age
5: Vermont elects Mary Adelia McLeod diocesan bishop.
Nov: Victoria Matthews elected suffragan bishop of
Toronto, in Anglican Church of Canada. Dec: Kenya ordains
first women priest after approval.
Church of England canons on ordination of women promulgated;
Mar 12: first women ordained to priesthood in England.
June: Episcopal Church in Scotland approves ordination of
women to priesthood and episcopate. The Rev Martha Horne called
as Dean of Virginia Theological Seminary. July 29: Twentieth
Anniversary of Philadelphia ordinations, with nine of
original ordinands concelebrating and Bishop Barbara Harris
preaching in the Cathedral Church of the Saviour, Philadelphia
(originally scheduled for the Church of the Advocate, the
service had to be moved at the last moment because of roof
problems). Scotland begins ordaining women
of West Indies begins ordaining women
women consecrated: Catherine Roskam, Suffragan
of New York; Geralyn Wolf, Diocesan of Rhode Island;
Carolyn Irish, Diocesan of Utah; Church in Barbadoes
begins ordaining women priests; Church in Wales approves
Waynick consecrated Diocesan of Indianapolis; Victoria
Matthews translated to Edmonton as Diocesan; Ann Tottenham
consecrated Suffragan of Toronto; Church in Portugal
begins ordaining women deacons
Knudson consecrated Diocesan of Maine; eleven women
join 700+ male bishops at Lambeth Conference
women ordained priest in Nippon Sei Ko Kai (Japan);
July 29th, 25th Anniversary of Philadelphia Ordinations,
with most of original ordinands, several women bishops and
international visitors, Bishop Barbara Harris preaching, at
Church of the Advocate, the original site.
Jefferts Schori consecrated Diocesan of Nevada